John Locke, natural rights

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Super-Angebote für John Locke Und And Preis hier im Preisvergleich bei Preis.de Natural Heute bestellen, versandkostenfrei By far the most influential writings emerged from the pen of scholar John Locke. He expressed the radical view that government is morally obliged to serve people, namely by protecting life, liberty, and property. He explained the principle of checks and balances to limit government power. He favored representative government and a rule of law Natural rights at the heart of Locke's Political Philosophy. John Locke is the philosopher of the issue on natural rights.In the Treatise on Government, Locke wonders what is the role of government. Locke's answer lies in one sentence: to guarantee people's liberty and property

JOHN LOCKE and the NATURAL LAW and NATURAL RIGHTS TRADITION Steven Forde, University of North Texas John Locke is one of the founders of liberal political philosophy, the philosophy of individual rights and limited govern­ment. This is the philosophy on which the American Constitution and all Western political systems today are based It was John Locke holds the idea of natural rights. He was the most influential among the Enlightenment thinkers. He believes that all people are good at birth and deserve natural rights since born. People have the rights to liberty, property and life. What type of government did John Locke support John Locke: Natural Rights and Natural Duties Gary B. Herbert The political problem John Locke inherited from Thomas Hobbes was to pro-duce a theory of natural rights that would not preclude the possibility of entering peacefully into civil association. The problem, as it was portrayed by Hobbes, i

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What is John Locke's theory of natural rights? Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives Often credited as a founder of modern liberal thought, Locke pioneered the ideas of natural law, social contract, religious toleration, and the right to revolution that proved essential to both the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution that followed. Locke argued against the 'paternal' supervision of governmen What are the natural rights that John Locke wrote about? Locke wrote that all individuals are equal in the sense that they are born with certain inalienable natural rights. Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are life, liberty, and property

Locke was part of the Early Enlightenment. Most of his writings were published in the late 1600s. He was among the first to advocate the view that people have natural rights simply because they are human beings, and that these natural rights should be protected by the government HEYMAN - MULR VOL. 101, NO. 3 (PDF).DOCX (DO NOT DELETE) 5/4/18 4:02 PM THE LIGHT OF NATURE: JOHN LOCKE, NATURAL RIGHTS, AND THE ORIGINS OF AMERICAN RELIGIOUS LIBERTY STEVEN J. HEYMAN* This Article explores John Locke's theory of religious liberty, which deepl John Locke (1632-1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. In the Two Treatises of Government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch

John Locke: Natural Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property

Locke and Natural Rights - Philosophy & Philosopher

  1. Locke wrote that all individuals are equal in the sense that they are born with certain inalienable natural rights. That is, rights that are God-given and can never be taken or even given away. Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are life, liberty, and property
  2. The most famous natural right formulation comes from John Locke in his Second Treatise. For Locke, the natural rights include perfect equality and freedom, and the right to preserve life and property. Natural Rights, Slavery, and Abolitionis
  3. John Locke & Natural Rights Theory. 1. John Locke Natural Rights theory. 2. Natural Rights Theory Is based on imagining what life would be like if there were no government. State of Nature: a condition in which there is no government. 3
  4. Locke owned stock in slave trading companies and was secretary of the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas, where slavery was constitutionally permitted. He had two notions of slavery: legitimate slavery was captivity with forced labor imposed by the just winning side in a war; illegitimate slavery was an authoritarian deprivation of natural rights
  5. Locke also believed in limited government. He believed that limiting the power of government was the best way to protect peoples' rights. According to Locke, governments without limits can do whatever they want, including abuse people's rights. Locke thought that governments must be based on the rule of law. He argued that all people must be equal under the law. For Locke, no one was above the law; not the king, not the wealthy, no one

The writings of John Locke, a philosopher and political theorist of the Age of Enlightenment, would greatly influence the leaders of the American Revolution • Theory of Natural rights: According to John Locke the human beings are entitled with certain basic rights (of life liberty and property) which are conferred upon them by God and nature In exchange for the government protecting the nature rights of people and the people agreed to follow the laws of government What is meant by the quote by John Locke: All mankind being equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions? He didn't want slaves to be a thing anymore or eve

17th-century English philosopher John Locke discussed natural rights in his work, identifying them as being life, liberty, and estate (property), and argued that such fundamental rights could not be surrendered in the social contract of a master's thesis to prove the influence of John Locke on 'rho_a . Jeffersen, Whether John . Locke was . the main . influence. or merely a minor influence. he is . cited . and popularly . thought . to . be one of the classical \'iritera on . the theory . ot . natural rights, 'fhereton, it i8 certainly worth our while to make a ,study of his. Natural Rights John Locke. Natural right is distinguished from that of legal right.Natural rights are those rights of any species that exist outside of artificial legal contrivances. Fish that swim in the ocean do so by natural right and not out of some legislation that allows it. Here then are John Lockes own words on the subject: The main intention of nature, which willeth the increase of. Rights quotes. Fortitude is the guard and support of the other virtues. John Locke. 1 Likes. The discipline of desire is the background of character. John Locke. 1 Likes. Fashion for the most part is nothing but the ostentation of riches. John Locke

John Locke's social contract theories differed in one key aspect from others. Locke felt that mankind's natural state was of freedom and individuals entered into a contract with other people to ensure that freedom. The Basis of Early Social Contract Theories The concept of a social contract started with the Greek philosopher Socrates John Locke: Natural Rights. John Locke was born in England in 1632. His thinking about government and people's rights had a major impact on the Enlightenment. Thomas Hobbes had argued that kings should have absolute power. In contrast, Locke favored constitutional monarchy. In this type of government, a basic set of laws limits the ruler's.

John Locke Natural Law, Natural Rights, and American

  1. Natural rights of man that begin in the state of nature with the right to live in liberty, equality and peace seem to evolve in Locke's teaching on civil society into the right to life, liberty and property (cf. § 59, 87, 131, 135).18 Although Locke stresses the supreme power of the legislative branch of government and the rule of law, and.
  2. First Treatise of Government. By John Locke [Locke, John. Of Government: Book 1.In Economic Writings and Two Treatises of Government (1691).Volume 4 of The Works of John Locke in Nine Volumes.London: Rivington. 1824. Online Library of Liberty
  3. John Locke (1632-1704) argued that the law of nature obliged all human beings not to harm the life, the liberty, health, limb, or goods of another:. The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life.
  4. Natural rights are those rights of any species that exist outside of artificial legal contrivances. Fish that swim in the ocean do so by natural right and not out of some legislation that allows it. Here then are John Lockes own words on the subject: The main intention of nature, which willeth the increase of mankind, and the continuation of.
  5. What are John Locke's 3 natural rights? Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are life, liberty, and property.. Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives

What did John Locke say about natural rights

  1. John Locke builds his famous theories of individual rights and government by consent upon a hypothetical state of nature. Before modern civil society existed, humans hunted and gathered in an environment lacking property rights and political organization. The example Locke used to describe the state of nature was late seventeenth century north.
  2. Locke versus Calhoun on Natural Rights: The Natural Rightness of Locke. G. Stolyarov II. Issue LV I - May 8, 2006. In his Disquisition on Government, John C. Calhoun (1782-1850) attempted to justify the institution of slavery by rejecting the Lockean idea of natural rights which had underpinned America's founding documents and principles
  3. John Locke (1632-1704) wrote one of the most powerful defences of individual liberty in his Second Treatise of Government. According to Locke, in the state of nature (i.e. before the appearance of political institutions) human beings enjoyed what he called perfect freedom to enjoy their persons and properties as they think fit

John Locke: Natural Rights and Natural Dutie

  1. The salient features of the Amreican political system such as limited and contitutional government ,natural and inlienable rights of the individuals and inviolable right to property trace their origin to the writings of john locke.In the words of parrington His two treaties of Government became the textbook of american revolution.He exercised a tremendous influence on the original.
  2. NATURAL RIGHTS. What are Locke's natural rights? (1) a liberty-right to equal liberty (in Locke's terms, a power) that permits one to dispose of one's person and possessions as one chooses [WJT2] . (2) claim-rights not to be harmed in one's life, health, liberty, or possessions that generates corresponding duties for others not to cause such.
  3. The political authority for Locke is a 'kind of trust where each man's right to interpret and enforce the natural law is entrusted to the government.'. Locke is well aware that there is a scope for government abusing the rights of the people and hence makes it clear that the legitimacy of the government rests on the ongoing con­sent of.

One of the most important things Locke wrote about natural rights was that they were equal between individuals, giving rise to a powerful, objective moral code. With every person being equal to the next, there's no legitimate reasoning by which a. Locke on Natural Law and Property Rights* DAVID C. SNYDER Calvin College Grand Rapids, MI 49506 U.S.A. Whether John Locke's Two Treatises is a justification of revolution or a demand for revolution, it is a book about political revolution. Yet it is also a book about property. This is so not only because of the ob Locke's two treatises on government were published in October 1689 with a 1690 date on the title page. While later philosophers have belittled it because Locke based his thinking on archaic notions about the state of nature, his bedrock principles endure. He defended the natural law tradition whose glorious lineage that goes back to the. Locke's Rights Ethics. John Locke (1632 - 1704) Based off the principles and beliefs of John Locke, a 17 th century English philosopher, Locke's Rights Ethics is one of the four major ethical theories that has shaped today's society. According to Locke, every person has a set of fundamental rights that they are entitled to simply by existing

What is John Locke's theory of natural rights

John Locke's most famous works are An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689), in which he developed his theory of ideas and his account of the origins of human knowledge in experience, and Two Treatises of Government (first edition published in 1690 but substantially composed before 1683), in which he defended a theory of political authority based on natural individual rights and. Look, if you take the issue of natural rights, which Locke was a real pioneer in making the case that everybody has these universal natural rights—life, liberty, and property The perspectives on natural rights will be elaborated and then compared to the political philosophy of John Locke in order to gauge a fair comparison. 2. Evolution of Natural Rights Throughout history legal rights have had an undeniable existence as all societies possessed some form of legal frameworks to keep social order in check According to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature. What was Locke's view on government? John Locke's Views on Government The Two Treatises of Government (1690) offered political theories developed and refined by Locke during his.

John Locke (b. 1632, d. 1704) was a British philosopher, Oxford academic and medical researcher. Locke's monumental An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) is one of the first great defenses of modern empiricism and concerns itself with determining the limits of human understanding in respect to a wide spectrum of topics. It thus tells us in some detail what one can legitimately claim. John Locke is a 17 th century English philosopher and political theorist who is widely renowned for laying the groundwork for Enlightenment and the development of liberalism. His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect the three natural rights of life, liberty and estate is the basis of the American Declaration of Independence The article uses John Locke's idea of preserving private property and health by any means when someone else tries to invade on that right. The post is saying we have a right to use weapons when our life or natural rights are being threatened. Another article Freedom and Gun Control also uses Locke's ideas to explain our right to bear.

John Locke Natural Rights Essay. 1b. Locke believes that people's natural rights are the ultimate freedom. However in the state of nature, he suggests that the protection of people was limited on the belief that others would live by the same rules. Similar to the saying, treat people the way you want to be treated Locke holds that in the state of nature there is a law of nature which is plain to everyone who will use his reason: don't harm another in his life, liberty, health, or possessions. (P. 6) Natural law forbids us to violate others' natural rights. To say that a right is natural is to say that it is a self-evident, pre-legal or moral right The natural duty of parental tenderness is also stressed in Terrel Carver's nice piece on Gender and Narrative in Locke's thought. Carver shows that Locke operates with at least three distinct notions of (heterosexual) masculinity; not only are women often devalued in comparison to men, but so too are certain types of men valued over others

John Locke The First Amendment Encyclopedi

John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrighton, Somerset. His father was a lawyer and small landowner who had fought on the Parliamentarian side during the English Civil Wars of the 1640s John Locke. For Students 6th - 12th Standards. Philosopher John Locke's ideas about tabula rasa, natural rights, the social contract, and how these ideas influenced Thomas Jefferson are the focus of an information packet that also includes worksheets, games, and a... Get Free Access See Review John Locke and his idea of natural rights has been key in shaping our ideals as a government and as a country. Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wrington, United Kingdom. He grew to be a great scholar and philosopher, going on to voice the importance of our natural rights; life,liberty, and property

What are the natural rights that John Locke wrote about

  1. That this ancient tradition of natural law made a substantive difference for Locke's theory of natural rights can be seen by a contrast of seventeenth-century views. The English philosopher-statesman Thomas Hobbes had put forth a dis- tinctively modern, boldly secular theory of natural rights in his magnum opus, Leviathan (1651)
  2. Article on Aquinas and human rights: > ABSTRACT This essay is an analysis of the theory of human rights based on the writings of Thomas Aquinas, with special reference to the Summa Theologiae. The difference between a jus naturale found in Aquin..
  3. ation) gained pro
  4. John Locke on Property Right. According to John Locke, private property is a natural right because the ownership of things is the only means by which a person can sustain himself or herself in physical comfort. Even though the natural condition of everything on earth and in it is that of common ownership, without a prior personal claim by any.
  5. John Locke and Religious Tolerance. John Locke was born 384 years ago, on August 29, 1632 and he died on October 28, 1704, at the age of 72. Though he made his living for many years as a medical doctor, his fame is derived from a series of books that he wrote, especially his Letters on Tolerance (1689-1692), and his Two Treatises on Government.

English philosopher John Locke (1632—1704) is remembered as the father of empiricism and as one of the earliest champions of the idea that all people enjoy certain natural rights.In areas including government, education, and religion, John Locke quotes helped inspire momentous events like the Age of Enlightenment and England's Glorious Revolution, as well as the Declaration of Independence. Overview. Thomas Hobbes (April 5, 1588-December 4, 1679) and John Locke (August 29, 1632-October 28, 1704), although in agreement in some of their assertions about human nature and the need for government, held radically different perspectives about the ability of people to govern themselves Locke's View of Women. November 11, 2009 by mblazesk. When comparing John Locke to other philosophers such as Hobbes, one sees that throughout his writing of the Second Treatise of Government, Locke gives important status to women. Locke establishes the status through the arguments that women are not property, women still retain power over. John Locke Quotes - BrainyQuote. English - Philosopher August 29, 1632 - October 28, 1704. All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. John Locke. Life Health Liberty. The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom

John Locke and Human Rights - Human Rights in the US & the

John Locke Natural Rights. Personalities John Locke - Father of Liberalism. by Admin 14th June 2021. 14th June 2021. John Locke - Father of Liberalism 14th June 2021. Implications of a Tragic Love Story - Coral... 4th June 2021. The Ultimate Guide to Japanese Food 31st May 2021 Locke and Natural Rights - Volume 42 Issue 160. To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account This Article explores John Locke's theory of religious liberty, which deeply influenced the adoption of the First Amendment and the first state bills of rights. Locke sharply criticized the religious and political order of Restoration England—a regime in which the king claimed to hold absolute power by divine right and in which individuals. John Locke was an Enlightenment philosopher who developed a social contract theory of natural rights and government. During the political upheavals of the 17th century, when the first libertarian agenda developed, the most influential case for natural rights came from the pen of scholar John Locke. He expressed the radical view that government. Locke believed that people had natural rights to life, liberty, and property, and that the role of government was to preserve these rights. If a government does not preserve these rights, then the people have a right to change their government. This is what scholars refer to as the political theory of Liberalism.Liberalism in this sense differs from the way the term is used in today's.

The Light of Nature: John Locke, Natural Rights, and the

Natural Law theory is often written about, but rarely can stand up to utilitarian ethics in actual life. This is a shame. One approach to natural law comes from John Locke. In some respects, the concept of natural can be defined this way: that virtue exists over and above either the ethics of pleasure or self preservation (Seliger, 1963, 338) It has been said, and few would deny, that John Locke is as important as the founder of philosophical liberalism as he is as the founder of the empiricist theory of knowledge. Though he was a most versatile thinker, writing on philosophy, politics, medicine, education, religion, and economics, and on all these with the knowledge of an expert and the influence of an authority, his fame no doubt. Here Locke laid out his famous doctrines of natural rights, property rights, the consensual creation of government, and the conditions under which individual and collective resistance to government is justified. According to Locke, to understand the purpose, justification, and limits of political authority, we should inquire into the condition. One of the many things John Locke believed was that everyone had natural rights such as Life, Liberty, and The Pursuit Of Happiness (Deverell 59). Locke believed a social contract between rulers and the people (Deverell 115)

Locke's Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of

John Locke on Justifying the Right to Property. The Earth and all it possess, in the mind of John Locke, is property to be used by the people in common for their own benefit and existence. In order to possess the property in common, all individuals in society must have the rights to that property. Therefore, in order to possess individual. nearly 150 years after Locke was born. Jefferson studied Locke's writings, and Locke's ideas show up in our own Constitution. Natural Rights Locke imagined a set of natural rights that human beings share. These are the right to life, liberty, and property. Life refers to the fact that people want to live and will fight to survive. Liberty.

Are There Any Natural Right

name, and property rights of every citizen. Art. 43.1: 1. The State acknowledges that man, in virtue of his rational being, has the natural right, antecedent to positive law, to the private ownership of external goods. and Locke's ideas of 'property' were being used to justify colonists 2 The title of this thesis -John Locke and the Natural Law, Yesterday and Today: A Critical Analysis- describes best the main objec-tive and the method employed in this work. At first sight, it gives the im-pression of a historical study, but in reality, what I intend to present here is a critical study of Locke's concept of the natural law Natural Law theory eventually gave rise to a concept of natural rights, as stated by John Locke. Locke argued that human beings in the state of nature are free and equal and when they enter society they surrender only such rights as are necessary for their security and for the common good

An Easy Explanation of John Locke's Social Contract Theory. The importance of a government that is appointed for the protection of our natural rights bound by the law of nature is what John Locke speaks about in his social contract theory John Locke (1632-1704) was a major English philosopher, whose political writings in particular helped pave the way for the French and American revolutions. He coined the phrase 'pursuit of happiness,' in his book An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , and thus this website is deeply indebted to him What are the natural rights with which people are born according to John Locke 4 who were the philosophes and what did they advocate 5 What was the legacy of the Enlightenment? According to Locke, all people are born free and equal, with three natural rights— life, liberty, and property

John Locke | ClipArt ETC

By incorporating John Locke's Enlightenment ideas, the Declaration of Independence is an Enlightenment document. Because the Declaration of Independence stated the rights that men were born with, which was similar to the idea of natural rights in the Enlightenment, it is an Enlightenment document John Locke: Natural Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property Locke's Writings Did Much to Inspire the American Revolution AUGUST 01, 1996 by JIM POWELL A number of times throughout history, tyranny has stimulated breakthrough thinking about liberty. This was certainly the case in England with the mid-seventeenth-century era of repression, rebellion, and civil war The John Locke Foundation was created in 1990 as an independent, nonprofit think tank that would work for truth, for freedom, and for the future of North Carolina. The Foundation is named for John Locke (1632-1704), an English philosopher whose writings inspired Thomas Jefferson and the other Founders

John Locke

John Locke's position on private property being a natural right is really different from that of other philosophers. Locke was a major social contract thinker who argued that all people know what to do and why they do it therefore making sense The Key To John Locke: Natural Rights 1. Natural Rights Philosophy Directions: Please skim all PROMPTS & QUESTIONS before you READ the designated PAGE. SECTION 1: JOHN LOCKE AND HIS INFLUENCE ON AMERICAN GOVT (p. 14) Who is he and why is he significant? (p. 14) English Philosopher (1632-1704); believed the main purpose of government was to. John Locke's major political analysis, The Two Treatises of Government (1690), has long been hailed as a seminal work in the history of political liberalism. In the Second Treatise especially, it is generally recognized, Locke argues the case for individual natural rights, limited government depending on the consent of the governed.

John Locke - Biography, Beliefs & Philosophy - HISTORY

John Locke's Principles Of Government 650 Words | 3 Pages. The main philosophy of John Locke, a famous and well-known Enlightenment philosopher, involves his theory of natural law and natural rights given to mankind John Locke Just as the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes was shaped by the politics of absolutism, so that of John Locke (1632-1704) represented a response to experiments with republicanism. their just and natural rights, with their resolution to preserve them, saved the nation when it was on. Keywords:John Locke Government Natural Rights Social Contract Democracy In 1688, King James II was overthrown by a group of Parliamentarians. This was the result of what is now known as the Glorious Revolution, or the Revolution of 1688

John locke

10 Questions Show answers. Locke argued that we had 3 main natural rights. What are they? (Select 3) According to John Locke, if the government didn't protect the people's natural rights, what could the people do? What country was John Locke born in? What year was John Locke born in ? Did John Locke attend Oxford John Locke's state of nature is a state of natural law. The natural being the non-aggression principle.. The state of nature is governed by a law that creates obligations for everyone. And reason, which is that law, teaches anyone who takes the trouble to consult it, that because we are all equal and independent, no one ought to harm. Among Locke's contemporaries arguing for natural rights were Samuel von Pufendorf and Algernon Sidney, the latter of which, like Locke, aimed to refute Robert Filmer. For more on natural rights theories prior to Locke, see Richard Tuck, Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979). 5

Natural rights, according to American tradition, are those rights granted to human-kind by their Creator, or as Jefferson put it in the Declaration of Independence—essentially borrowing from John Locke's Second Treatise on Government (1690)—the rights accorded by Nature and Nature's God. In the Declaration, these are described as. Locke considers the new monarchy lawful because the people consented and, in doing so, asserted and defended their just and natural rights. The first of the Two Treatises counters the arguments for absolute monarchy. In the Second Treatise, Locke argues for the right of the people to form their own government Essay on Evaluation of John Locke's Theory of Nature Rights. The most distinctive contribution of Locke to political theory is his doctrine of natural rights. Life, liberty, and property, he holds as inalienable rights of every individual. The end for which civil or political society is constituted is to secure these natural rights, and the.

John Locke quote: All mankind

John Locke's tolerant view of religion was handed down to the colonies and Founders by the time of the Constitutional Convention. Further, the very idea of a law of laws, or Constitution, was a. LOCKE: ESSAYS ON THE LAW OF NATURE (Oxford, 1954), and his article, John Locke and Natural Law, 31 PHILOSOPHY 23-35 (1956); John W. Yolton, Locke on the Law of Nature, 67 THE PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW 477-498 (1958); Raghuveer Singh, John Locke and the Theory of Natural Law, 9 POLITICAL STUDIES 105-118 (1961); M. Seliger, Locke's Natural John Locke (1824). The Works of John Locke: Essay concerning human understanding (concluded) Defence of Mr. Locke's opinion concerning personal identity. Of the conduct of the understanding. Some thoughts concerning reading and study for a gentlemen. Elements of natural philosophy. New method of a common-place-book, p.35 John Locke FRS (/ l ɒ k /; 29 August 1632 - 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the Father of Liberalism. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, Locke is equally important to social contract theory John Locke (1632-1704) was a physician, statesman, and political philosopher, filling that last office in a dry, empirical, and militantly antipoetic English mode. Locke's stock has risen and fallen over the years. After adducing so many unlikely natural rights, Locke has suddenly become very conventional John Locke John Locke, an English philosopher who was born August 29th, 1632 and died on October 28th, 1704, was an influential philosopher and physician. John Locke's writings had many significant impacts in Western philosophy. He went to Westminster school and then Christ Church, University of Oxford